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Ante Starčević (23 May 1823 – 28 February 1896), was a Croatian politician and writer. His works are considered to have laid the foundations for Croatian nationalism and he is often referred to as "Father of the Homeland" by Croats, a name first used by Eugen Kumičić while Starčević was still alive. Starčević wrote literary criticism, short stories, newspaper articles, philosophical essays, plays and political satire His portrait is depicted on the obverse of the Croatian 1000 kuna banknote, issued in 1993. Many schools, streets and squares are named after Starčević. Most right wing parties in Croatia claim his politics as their legacy. Starčević was born in the village of Žitnik near Gospić, a small town in the Military Frontier within Austria-Hungary, to a family of a Croat Catholic father and a Serb Orthodox mother. In 1845 he graduated from a comprehensive secondary school in Zagreb. He then briefly continued his studies at the seminary in Senj, but soon moved to Pest in 1845 to attend a Roman Catholic theological seminary he eventually graduated from in 1846. Upon his graduation Starčević returned to Croatia and continued studying theology in Senj. Rather than becoming a priest, he decided to engage in secular pursuits and started working at Ladislav Šram's law firm in Zagreb. He then tried to get an academic post with the University of Zagreb, but was unsuccessful, so he remained in Šram's office until 1861. In 1861, he was appointed the chief notary of the Rijeka county. As the chief notary in Rijeka in 1861, Starčević wrote "the four petitions of the Rijeka county". He pointed out that Croatia needed to determine its relationships with Austria and Hungary through international agreements. He demanded the reintegration of the Croatian lands. That same year, he was elected to the Croatian Parliament as the representative of Rijeka and founded the original Croatian Party of Rights with Eugen Kvaternik. That party demanded an independent Croatia independent of Austria and Hungary. Starčević's famous phrase was: "Ni s Bečom ni s Peštom" ("Neither with Vienna nor with Pest"). Starčević would be reelected to the parliament in 1865, 1871, and from 1878 to his death. In his old age, he moved to Starčević House (Starčevićev dom), built for him by the Croatian people in 1895. He died in his house less than a year later, aged 73. According to his wish, he was buried in the Church of St Mirko in the Zagreb suburb of Šestine. His bust was made by Ivan Rendić.